BOC anhydride with the chemical formula (CH3)3CC(O)O(C(O))CC(CH3)3 gets its name because of its tert-butyloxycarbonyl functional group. This organic compound is available in the form of a liquid that appears to be colorless to pale yellow. Also called tert-butyloxycarbonyl anhydride, this chemical pound is used in organic synthesis to protect amino acids as an acylation reagent widely. It is possible to attach the BOC group to the nitrogen atom of an amine, which temporarily blocks its reactivity at the time of certain reactions. Chemists use BOC anhydride in organic synthesis for controlling the reactivity and selectivity of reactions which involve amine-containing compounds. This makes it a valuable tool for developing pharmaceuticals.