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The class of highly reactive organic compounds known as acyl chlorides plays a significant role in organic chemistry and chemical synthesis. These compounds can be distinguished from others by the presence of a carbonyl group (C=O) connected to a chlorine atom (Cl) at the acyl position. Acyl chlorides are among the functional groups with the highest reactivity because the chlorine atom's electronegativity provides the molecule with a lot of polarity. One of these chlorides' distinctive properties is their capacity to carry out nucleophilic acyl substitution reactions. This reaction is brought about by the electron-attracting property of the chlorine atom.